Sharing NYC Police Precinct Data

No sense keeping good data to yourself.

The map below went with these excellent WNYC stories about low-level marijuana arrests in New York City. After building it, I ended up with some data files that could be useful to others crunching population data by NYPD precinct. So we're sharing them here.

The trick to doing this analysis was to determine the populations of each precinct. But the US Census Bureau doesn't break down numbers that way. So I took the smallest Census unit -- the block -- and determined which blocks were in which precincts.

(I worked with PostgreSQL, PostGIS and QGIS, along with the generosity and insights of Jeff Larson and Al Shaw at ProPublica, and Jonathan Soma at Balance Coop.)

Data For You

Each of the following files are kept on Google Fusion Tables. You can use them there, or download them to your computer using File -> Export.

• precinct_block_key.csv is the Rosetta Stone for this project. It has two columns: each block's identifier, which the Census calls "GEOID10," and the precinct in which that block sits. Note that some blocks aren't in any precinct, usually because they're actually in the water. 

• NYC_Blocks_2010CensusData_Plus_Precincts contains base-level 2010 Census data for each block, married to the precinct for that block. A nice Fusion Tables trick is to pick View -> Aggregate, check "Sum" for the columns you want and then, lower down, chose to aggregate by precinct. Then you get totals for each precinct. For descriptions of the population columns, get this rather large PDF from the Census Bureau and jump to page 6-21 (Updated: Or, go to the page online with DocumentCloud.)

NYC_Police_Precinct_Shapes_4326 is the official police precinct map converted into a Google Map-friendly projection. I've used the fantastic tool shpescape.com to upload my transformed shape file to Fusion Tables, where it's easy to play with.

Caveats

I've done my best to be accurate in computing the intersection of blocks and precincts, even generating precinct maps and inspecting them visually. But errors may exist.

In fact, they do exist. While Census blocks generally fall nicely within precinct outlines, they don't always. In particular, three blocks significantly straddle two precincts. If you're doing very precise analysis, you'll want to account for them:

• Block 360470071002003: An area near the north end of the Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn. About half is in Precinct 76 and half in Precinct78. Total people: 51

• Block 360050096002000: Mainly industrial. Half in Precinct 76, half in Precinct 78. Total people: 5.

• Block 360610265003001: This block consists of five similar-sized apartment buildings near the GW Bridge. The northern three buildings are in Precinct 34, and the southern two are in Precinct 33. Looks like roughly a 60/40 split of the 687 living there.

If you find this information useful, drop me a note or post a comment below. We'd love to know about it.